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Creative Writing: Definitions and Techniques

In the realm of storytelling and artistic expression, few avenues are as captivating and versatile as creative writing. 

It’s a world where words become the brushstrokes of the mind, painting vivid landscapes of imagination and emotion. Whether you’re an aspiring novelist, a playwright, a poet, or even a screenwriter, creative writing offers a canvas where your ideas can flourish in the most remarkable ways.

Before we begin, don’t forget to check out our other articles on writing for the screen and television, such as The Art of Playwriting and How to Write Dialogue.

What is Creative Writing?

At its core, creative writing is the art of crafting narratives, characters, and worlds through the power of language. It’s the ability to weave tales that transport readers to different realms, evoke emotions, and provoke thought. 

Creative writing takes various forms, each with its unique appeal. There’s screenwriting, which brings stories to life on the big and small screens; playwriting, where dialogue and performance collide; poetry, a symphony of words and rhythm; and fiction, where entire universes spring from the depths of the mind.

Important Terms in Creative Writing

As you embark on your creative writing journey, you’ll encounter key terms that are the cornerstones of this intricate art. Let’s delve into each term, unravelling their significance and unveiling the layers they add to your craft:


Your writing’s “voice” is akin to an artist’s signature brushstroke—it’s what sets you apart. It’s the distinct personality that emerges from your writing style, tone, and choice of words. It’s the tone of a conversation, the rhythm of a song, and the essence of your storytelling. Developing your voice gives your work a unique identity that resonates with readers long after turning the last page.


“Plot” is the intricate web that weaves together your story’s events. It’s the roadmap that guides your characters through their journey, unfolding with twists, turns, and climactic moments. The plot isn’t just a series of occurrences; it’s a symphony of actions and reactions that drive your narrative forward, keeping readers engaged and curious to discover what happens next.


The “narrative” is the vessel that carries your story’s essence. It’s the perspective through which events are seen, the lens that shapes how readers perceive your world. 

A first-person narrative immerses readers in a character’s thoughts, a third-person omniscient narrative unveils various viewpoints, and a second-person narrative invites readers to step into the protagonist’s shoes. Mastering narrative techniques empowers you to craft immersive, captivating tales.


Beneath the surface of your narrative lies the “theme,” the heartbeat of your story. It’s the underlying message, the universal truth, or the profound insight that your narrative seeks to convey. Themes can range from love and loss to justice and identity. Themes transcend the story, touching readers on a deeper level and prompting contemplation long after the final page.


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“Character” is the beating heart and soul of your tales. These are the individuals who breathe life into your narrative, each with their own dreams, flaws, and complexities. Characters aren’t just names on a page; they’re the driving force behind your plot, the vehicles through which themes are explored, and the bridges that connect readers to your world. Developing rich, relatable characters invites readers to invest emotionally in your story’s journey.

Understanding these terms is akin to mastering the notes before composing a symphony. Each term contributes a distinct melody, and when woven together, they create a harmonious composition that resonates with readers, leaving a lasting imprint on their literary experience.

Common Creative Writing Techniques

In the realm of creative writing, techniques are the tools that transform words into magic. Techniques like “suspense,” leaving readers on the edge of their seats; “irony,” the unexpected twist that elicits both surprise and reflection; “symbolism,” where objects carry deeper meanings; and “imagery,” painting pictures with words. These techniques are the brushstrokes that add depth and vibrancy to your narratives.

How to Improve Your Creative Writing Skills: 8 Ways

Elevating your creative writing prowess is a journey of steady progress. Here are 8 ways to cultivate your craft and hone your storytelling finesse:

  1. Practice with Purpose: Just like an athlete hones their skills, writing improves with practice. Set aside dedicated time to write regularly. Experiment with different genres, tones, and styles to expand your repertoire.
  2. Seek Constructive Feedback: Embrace feedback like a compass guiding you towards improvement. Share your work with fellow writers or trusted readers. Their insights can illuminate blind spots, helping you refine your narrative and sharpen your storytelling techniques.
  3. Explore Literature: Reading widely exposes you to various writing styles and genres. Analyze acclaimed works to understand how masterful authors weave narratives, develop characters, and evoke emotions. Incorporate these learnings into your own writing.
  4. Invest in Learning Opportunities: Consider enrolling in creative writing courses or seminars. Seasoned mentors can offer structured guidance, teaching advanced techniques and approaches that elevate your storytelling to new heights.
  5. Reflect and Revise: After crafting a piece, step away for a while. Return with fresh eyes to identify areas that can be refined. Revise not just for grammar but also for pacing, character development, and thematic coherence.
  6. Write Outside Your Comfort Zone: Challenge yourself by tackling genres or themes you haven’t explored before. Stepping outside your comfort zone sparks creativity, prevents stagnation, and cultivates versatility.
  7. Celebrate Small Wins: Acknowledge and celebrate your progress. Completing a short story, overcoming a writing block, or receiving positive feedback—each milestone is a testament to your growth.
  8. Persist and Persevere: Writing is a journey of dedication. Don’t be discouraged by obstacles or initial imperfections. Every effort contributes to your development as a skilled storyteller.

Remember, the path to mastery is a continuous process. Each word you write, each story you craft, brings you closer to honing your creative writing skills. By nurturing your passion and embracing growth, you’ll unlock new dimensions of storytelling excellence.

Studying Creative Writing

Delving deeper, the prospect of formal study in creative writing unveils a treasure trove of possibilities. Whether you’re nurturing a hobby or aspiring for a career, studying creative writing offers structured learning, exposure to diverse styles, and the chance to build connections within the literary world. 

Like a sculptor refining their masterpiece, education polishes your craft and hones your distinct voice. So don’t be afraid to take a creative writing course at a local college or university. Many of these courses are open to anyone, no matter if you have a degree or not, and the lessons you’ll learn are quite valuable. 

In Conclusion

Creative writing is more than ink on paper; it’s a symphony of ideas, emotions, and artistry. As you embark on this journey, remember that every word you write, every story you shape, is a step toward embracing the rich tapestry of human imagination. 

Whether your tales find their home in books, scripts, or poems, creative writing is your passport to worlds unseen and emotions unexplored. Pick up your pen or your keyboard, and let the adventure begin.

Oh, and one more thing!

If you’re interested in breaking into the creative industries – as a video game developer, perhaps? – then sign up for Toronto Film School’s industry-focused newsletter, Insider Advantage.

Packed with exclusive content and useful industry insights, Insider Advantage is essential reading for anyone looking to make their mark in Canada’s creative industry.

Taegan MacLean


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